1. Samuel1 BAREFOOT. Documentary evidence, consisting of primary and secondary
sources, exists proving my lineage from Benjamin Barefoot (see #4 below)
forward. However, it is only a preponderance of evidence, based on
geography, time and shared occupations, religions, etc., that leads me back one
more generation to Samuel Barefoot.
I believe that Benjamin’s parents were
Samuel Barefoot and Jean/Jenny Palmer. Samuel was found on the tax list
for Union Township,
Berks County, Pennsylvania in 1759. The minimum age
for inclusion for tax purposes was 21, making 1738 the latest he could have
been born. His marriage to Jean/Jenny Palmer is confirmed through records
for Amityville Church
(later St. Paul’s – Reformed and Lutheran), Amity Township,
Berks County, citing the christening of their
son John, 16 October 1768. (Amity
Township borders on Union and Douglas Townships
in Berks County.)
Tax lists and census records in Berks County and neighboring Chester County
through 1810 seem to point to the existence of two different Samuel Barefoots – father and son. Samuel the younger
settled in Coventry Township, Chester
In 1785 a Samuel Barefoot was on the tax list there as a single male. (Coventry Township,
is directly across the county line from Union
Township, Berks County.)
He appeared again in Coventry
Township on the 1790
federal census with one male, aged 16 and up, and three females (likely his
wife and perhaps two daughters, although relationships were not given in this
census). In 1795 there was recorded the death of John Barefoot, aged one
year, 11 months and five days, son of Samuel and Margaret, with burial at
Amityville Church, the same church where another John Barefoot, son of Samuel
and Jean/Jenny, was christened in 1768. This is likely the Coventry
Further evidence of Samuel Barefoot the younger in Coventry Township was found
in a 1798 deed involving the sale of 11 acres of land in East Nantmeal Township, Chester County, owned by Joseph Philips,
to ‘Samuel Barefoot, Coventry Township, Chester County, blacksmith.’ This same
property was sold by Samuel to James Sprowl of Berks County
in 1805 and the deed cites ‘Samuel Barefoot and wife Margaret.’ Note that
the deed gave Samuel’s occupation as blacksmith. Benjamin Barefoot,
thought to be this Samuel’s brother, was also a blacksmith.
Samuel Barefoot the elder seems to have moved from Union
County, to East
Nantmeal Township, Chester
County by 1795. His
name appeared twice on the Direct (or Glass) Tax list for this township: once
as owner and occupant of two acres with one out building and one 21 ft. x 28
ft., one and one-half story log house with three windows with four panes each,
and once as owner and occupant of one 16 ft. x 24 ft. stone shop on 123
acres. I believe one property was his residence and the other his
business. It is quite likely that he, also, was a blacksmith and his sons
Samuel and Benjamin followed in his footsteps.
A Samuel Barefoot appears again in East
Nantmeal Township on the 1799 tax list with 15
acres, house and smith shop. This is likely Samuel the elder, but since
Samuel the younger of Coventry Township had purchased property in East Nantmeal
Township in 1798 this may
instead be his tax listing. There is a discrepancy in the number of acres
– 15 taxed, 11 purchased. Likewise, there is a discrepancy between the 15
taxed acres and the two properties taxed in 1795 – two acres and 123 acres,
thought to belong to Samuel the elder. Further research into tax and land
records will be necessary to determine which Samuel, elder or younger, owned
the taxable 15 acres in 1798. I believe it to be Samuel the elder as the
1800 federal census for East Nantmeal Township shows
a Samuel Barefoot, aged 45 and up, living in the township with a large
family. (The age of the head of household is too old to be Samuel the
younger. The earliest birth year for the oldest male is 1755 and Samuel
the younger was likely born circa 1764.) In addition to Samuel there were
two males, aged 16-26; one male aged 10-16; one female aged 45 and up; one
female aged 16-45, and one female aged 10-16.
In the 1810 federal census there was a Samuel Barefoot in West
Nantmeal Township, Chester
County, adjacent to East
Nantmeal. The head of household
was one male aged 45 and up; one male aged 16-26; one female aged 45 and up,
and two females aged 16-26. Although age-wise this could be either Samuel the
elder or the younger, I believe it to be the younger, although I have no real
basis for this belief at this time. Further evidence of either Samuel
Barefoot the elder or Samuel Barefoot the younger beyond 1810 has not been
discovered to this point.
It is likely that Samuel Barefoot the elder was related, either as
brother or father, to Thomas Barefoot who served as a private in Captain Robert
Sample’s Company, 10th Pennsylvania Regiment, under command of
Colonel Richard Humpton. His name appeared on
the roll 9 September 1778. He was also part of the Continental Line in
1779. Evidence of his existence does not extend beyond inclusion in
military records, although the Barefoot Family Reunion Association gives his
birth date as 1742 and death date as 1784. They also claim he was the
father of Benjamin Barefoot (certainly untrue) and that he was married to
Elizabeth Wells circa 1763 (no records confirming this marriage have been
found). There was also a James Barefoot found on 1769 tax lists in West
Nottingham Township, Chester County (West Nottingham is the southernmost
township in Chester, bordered by Lancaster County, Pennsylvania on the west and
Cecil County, Maryland on the south). James’ relationship to Samuel
Barefoot, if it exists, is not known, but considering how unusual the name
Barefoot is I feel it is likely that all Barefoot residing in the eastern part
in the mid- to late-1700s were related.
Known children of Samuel1 BAREFOOT and Jean\Jenny PALMER were as follows:
+ 2 i. Sarah2 BAREFOOT, born 12 March 1758 in Berks County, Pennsylvania.
3 ii. Martha BAREFOOT was born 15 February 1759 in
Berks County, Pennsylvania
and baptized 13 September 1778 in St. Gabriel's Church, Amity
Township, Berks County.
The Lancaster Intelligencer of
January 6, 1866 (Egles Notes and Queries, 4th Series,
Vol. II, pg. 53) records the death of Martha, better known as 'Patty,'
Barefoot, daughter of Samuel and Jean Barefoot, she having died on 24 December
1863, at Morgantown,
aged over 106 years. According to the
item, she was born in Amity Township, Berks County, on 15 February 1749 and was
baptized at Douglasville on 13 September 1778 when in her twentieth year, by Rev. Alexander Murray, as shown by
the Morlatton Episcopal Church records. (Note that
the birth year of 1749 is incorrect as printed. Her year of birth was 1759.)
From 'Annals of Conestoga Valley,'
Somerset County Historical Society, pgs. 353-354,
"When young, Patty moved to Morgantown and
became a member of the household of Jacob Morgan, after whom the village of Morgantown was named, and who lived on a
portion of the lands granted by letters patent from William Penn to his father
Thomas Morgan. On the death of Col. Morgan in 1792, Patty was employed as
house-keeper by David Finger, cabinetmaker and Justice of the Peace in
Caernarvon Twp. for many years. After she had kept house for him some 25 or 30
years, Squire Finger married and Patty's services were no longer needed. The
Squire and his wife, however, offered Patty a home with them, which she
accepted and remained with them until her death. Patty never married. She
outlived every Revolutionary soldier except two. "
Both of the above
items have combined two different Martha Barefoots
into one individual. As stated above, Samuel and Jean/Jenny Barefoot did have a
daughter Martha, born 15 February 1759 in Berks
County, and she was christened 13
September 1778 in St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church (also known as Morlatton Episcopal Church) Douglassville, Berks County.
However, little else is known about this particular Martha. Perhaps she
married, changing her last name, but no record of such has been found as yet.
It is not known when she died.
A second Martha
was born in July 1776 to Sarah Barefoot, who very possibly was the elder
Martha's sister. The father of this
younger Martha is unknown. She was
baptized 10 January 1785 at St. Thomas Episcopal Church, Berks County,
by Rev. Illing.
Jacob and Rachel Morgan were sponsors.
It is this Martha who became known as 'Patty,' never married, and worked
as a servant for Jacob Morgan and possibly later was employed by David Finger.
She died 24 December 1865, at the age of 89, and was buried in the Methodist
Episcopal Cemetery in Morgantown, Berks County.
This Martha was found in the 1850 census, Berks
County, Caernarvon Township
in what might have been some sort of lodging run by James Miller, age 32, a
shoemaker. Listed were his wife and six children and six others in addition to
Martha, age 70. She was again in the 1860 Pennsylvania census in Berks County,
Caernarvon Township, age 80, living with Letcia [sic]
Finger, age 50, and Hannah E. Finger, age 13.
to a Martha Barefoot was the birth of Cyrus Barefoot, born 30 July 1800, mother
Martha Barefoot; name of father illegible on birth record. Cyrus was baptized 19 July 1801 according to
the records of St. James Episcopal Church, Lancaster
This Cyrus may have been an illegitimate son of Martha "Patty"
Barefoot, servant to Jacob Morgan, or the son of Martha, daughter of Samuel and
Jean/Jenny, although she would have been aged 40 at the time of the birth. Or
perhaps it was the son of yet another Martha Barefoot. Cyrus was not found in
any later censuses.
+ 4 iii. Benjamin BAREFOOT, born circa 1764 in Chester County, Pennsylvania;
married Rebecca ROSS.
5 iv. John BAREFOOT was christened 16 October 1768
in St. Paul's Church, Amityville, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
6 v. Hannah BAREFOOT was born circa 1765 in Pennsylvania. A Hanna Barfoot [sic] married Jesse WILLIAMS 3 May 1784 in
Amity Township, Berks County according to "Berks County Pennsylvania
Marriages 1730-1800, Vol. 1" compiled from journals and church records
kept by Lutheran and Reformed ministers, original records in German script. St.
Gabriel's Church, in Douglassville, Amity Township Berks County, where Martha
Barefoot and some of Benjamin's children were baptized, was founded as Morlatton, a Lutheran congregation served by Swedish and
German pastors, and then became an Episcopal Church, St. Gabriel's. This might
have been the location of Hanna's wedding. Further information on Hannah and
Jesse Williams has not been located.
Sarah2 BAREFOOT (Samuel1) was born 12 March 1758 in Berks County, Pennsylvania. She was baptized 5 August 1792 in St. Thomas
Episcopal Church, Morgantown, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
Who or if Sarah married is not known.
children of Sarah2 BAREFOOT
7 i. Martha 'Patty'3 BAREFOOT was born in July 1776 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
Her father is unknown. She was baptized
10 January 1785 in St. Thomas Episcopal Church, Morgantown,
Berks County, Pennsylvania. Martha, who never married, died 24 December
1865 in Morgantown, Berks
County, Pennsylvania, at age 89,
and was buried in Methodist Episcopal Church Cemetery, Berks County.
The cemetery no longer exists but Martha’s headstone has been preserved. Martha
worked as a servant for Jacob Morgan and possibly later was employed by David
Finger and his wife Leticia. In Jacob Morgan’s will (he died 15 November 1792)
he released Martha “Patty” Barefoot from her indenture and ordered that she be
given a “customary freedom suit and the little spinning wheel.” (refer to #3
above, Martha Barefoot, daughter of Samuel and Jean/Jenny Palmer)
4. Benjamin2 BAREFOOT (Samuel1) was likely born in Chester
His name first appeared on the tax duplicate of West
Nantmeal Township, Chester
in 1785. At that time, all males were placed on the tax duplicate when they
became 21 years of age. Subtracting 21 from 1785 would make Benjamin's birth
year 1764. This is the birth date used on all S.A.R. and D.A.R. records
mentioning Benjamin, however no documentary evidence has been found proving his
date or place of birth.
Benjamin married Rebecca ROSS 28 April
1787 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. When and where Benjamin died
is not known. His appearance, alone, on the census of 1800 in Union Township,
Fayette County, Pennsylvania is the last documented evidence
of his existence. It is not known why Benjamin was living on the opposite side
of the state from his family, but his absence from Berks County
may have had something to do with legal matters there. On 13 August 1796 a
summons was issued by Berks County Justice of the Peace Amos Slaymaker “in the case of Daniel Buckley to collect a debt
from Benjamin Barefoot." Details of the case are not known but it is
possible that Daniel Buckley, a well-to-do iron master in Berks and Chester Counties, approved a line of credit with
a local merchant for Benjamin, who was himself involved in the iron industry as
a blacksmith, and Benjamin failed to repay the merchant. The following year
Benjamin was again before the courts, to wit: "The fine of ten pounds,
which was imposed upon Benjamin Barefoot, convicted of Fornication and Bastardy, in the County
of Berks, was this day
remitted by the Governor. Wednesday December 20th 1797." (from Pennsylvania Archives Series 9, Vol. 1, page 1329,
chapter titled Governor Thomas Mifflin)
Many scenarios come to mind as a result of these two events, each
leading to Benjamin’s hasty departure from Berks County
prior to 1800. Perhaps he accumulated so much debt he felt compelled to flee
his creditors. Perhaps he could no longer find work after failing to pay a debt
to a prominent and influential employer in the iron industry. Or perhaps
Rebecca, learning of his adultery and his fathering a child with another woman,
turned him out of their home. (In late 1797 Rebecca would have been pregnant
with their last child, Job Palmer, conceivably making Benjamin’s betrayal even
more difficult to bear.) Whatever the reason for his departure, it appears that
Benjamin never returned to Berks
County and his family,
leaving wife Rebecca to provide the support for her five children. By 1809, in
an age when very few women worked outside of the home, Rebecca was employed by
Joanna Furnace (ironworks) in Caernarvon
Township, Berks County.
And, she was listed as head of household in the 1810 census for Caernarvon Township. It is interesting to note that
none of Benjamin’s children named a son for him, while every one of them had a
daughter Rebecca, and many of their children named a daughter after their
grandmother. The name Benjamin is
suspiciously absent in the annals of the descendants of Samuel Barefoot.
Rebecca ROSS was born 22 December 1769 in Berks County, Pennsylvania,
and died 22 January 1853 in Bedford
at the age of 83. She was buried in Quaker
Cemetery, East St. Clair Township, Bedford County, on Route 56 west of Fishertown. Until recent years the DAR approved
applications for membership which claimed that Rebecca Ross was the daughter of
Maria Sabin Kuhn and of Colonel James Ross of Lancaster, Pennsylvania
who was the son of George Ross, Esq. (1730-1779), one of the signers of the
Declaration of Independence. This George Ross was the uncle of John Ross,
husband of Betsy Ross, the maker of the first American flag. Indeed, in 1967,
nearly 100 years after her death, a marker was erected at Rebecca’s grave by
the Barefoot Family Reunion Association inscribed: ‘Rebecca (Ross) Barefoot,
wife of Dr. Benjamin Barefoot (grand-daughter of Col. George Ross, signer of
Declaration of Independence), mother of James Barefoot, Pioneer settler of
Bedford Co. 12-22-1768 – 1-22-1853.’ Research conducted by this researcher and
Sharon Sheldon, a descendant of James Barefoot, has proven that Rebecca Ross
was actually the daughter of James ROSS and Ruth ROBINSON/ROBISON of
Morgantown, Caernarvon Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania. Her death
certificate, recorded in Bedford County, Pennsylvania, attests to the first
name of her mother – Ruth, and evidence of the marriage of James Ross and Ruth
Robinson on 10 December 1767 was found in records of St. James Episcopal Church
in Lancaster, County, Pennsylvania. In May 1768, Ruth’s father William
Robinson/Robison died and in his will left 45 acres of land in Morgantown to his
daughter, Ruth Ross. Ruth and husband James farmed the land and were on the tax
duplicates for Berks
County from 1770-1778. By
at least 1777 James was involved in the Revolutionary War as evidenced by his
oath of allegiance as one of two Court-Martial men in the 5th Battallion, Southern Section, 8th Company,
formed in Caernarvon Township, Berks
County. Papers on file in
Berks County indicate that James was deceased
by April 1779. (He died intestate and Ruth and her brother John Robinson were
named co-administrators of his estate.) It is not known if James’ death was
war-related nor where he was buried.
In Caernarvon Township, Berks County
census and tax records Ruth Ross was listed as a property owner beginning in
1779 and continuing until at least 1806, where she was listed as a widow living
with William Ross [her son], who first appeared in these records in 1794.
Rebecca Ross' bible has a handwritten notation for 'William Ross, Decest February the 9, 1818, aged 45 years, 3 months, 25
days.' This is the same William Ross as in the Caernervon Township
records who was recorded as dieing 9 February 1818 in Chester County.
Further, in a Petition for the Partition of the Estate of William Ross,
deceased, dated 3 August 1818, made to the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas
for the County of Chester, it states that'...Edward Wells in right of his wife
Margaret, one of the sisters and heirs at law of William Ross late of the
township of Uwchlan in the County aforesaid,
deceased, Humbly Sheweth That your petitioner's said
brother-in-law lately died intestate leaving a widow to wit Mary Ross but no
lawful issue, but leaving three sisters to wit your petitioner's said wife
Margaret, Rebecca now Rebecca Barefoot and Mary now Mary Brindley...'
An excerpt from The Brinleys of Pennsylvania by Robert M.
Brinley, CLU (1967), Library of Congress #SC71.B8594,
page 10 states: 'vi. John Brinley, the sixth child
and third son of James and Mary, was born on Wednesday, January 31, 1781 at the
family homestead in Robeson Twp. On May 29, 1806, John married Mary Ann Ross,
born June 11, 1776, and died on June 9, 1834. She was the sister of William
Ross, born November 14, 1772 and died February 9, 1818, a prominent merchant of
Morgantown, Pennsylvania, a small town in Caernarvon
Twp., founded by Col. Jacob Morgan, her father-in-law's commandant in the
Revolutionary War. Mary's sister, Rebecca Ross, married into the Bearfoot [sic] family, a prominent Caernarvon
family of Irish origin.'
Known children of
Benjamin2 BAREFOOT and
Rebecca ROSS were as follows:
+ 8 i. James3 BAREFOOT, born 20 May 1788 in Chester County, Pennsylvania;
married Mary SLEEK/SLICK.
+ 9 ii. William BAREFOOT, born 10 December 1791 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
married Mary SHEAFFER.
10 iii. Samuel BAREFOOT was born 2 August 1793 in Pennsylvania and baptized 2 July 1797 in St. Gabriel's
Church, Amity Township,
Berks County, Pennsylvania. He died 15 March 1814 in Pennsylvania at age 20. Samuel was buried in Leacock
Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
11 iv. Isabella BAREFOOT, born 11 November 1795 in Lancaster
or Berks County, Pennsylvania; married Daniel RUTTER.
12 v. Job Palmer BAREFOOT, born 29 May 1798 in Pennsylvania; married Agnes MCCASKEY.
James3 BAREFOOT (Benjamin2, Samuel1) was born 20 May 1788 in Chester County,
Pennsylvania and died 13 May 1844 in St. Clair
Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania at age 55. He was buried in Quaker
Cemetery, East St. Clair Township, Bedford County.
James’ estate was probated 21 May 1844.
James moved to Bedford County
from Berks County in 1809 and settled in St. Clairsville where he remained until 1813 when he moved to a
farm near Dunning's Creek. In 1817 he purchased 220
acres of wild land from David Riley on Gordon's Creek (now Barefoot Run),
cleared the land, built a log cabin and began farming. In 1842 James built the
first sawmill in the area, operating it on water from Gordon’s Creek. James
worked as a farmer and millwright, and made cabinets and spinning wheels. It is
said he stood six feet, two inches tall.
Mary SLEEK/SLICK in June 1810 in St. Clairsville, Bedford County, Pennsylvania.
Mary was born 11 October 1791 in Frederick County, Maryland, the eldest of 14
children of Sgt. William Sleek/Slick and Rebecca Mettler. In her younger days, Mary was the doctor for
those living in the Alum Bank area.
Records that she kept show that she was called to see the sick over 500
times in her lifetime. After James died
Mary lived on in the log cabin he had built until her death 28 July 1885 at age
93. She was buried in Pleasantville Cemetery, Bedford
County. James’ log cabin, which burned to the ground
in March 1933, was located at the foot of the Allegheny Mountains, on Route 56
through Barefoot Hollow, Alum Bank in Bedford County.
Known children of
James3 BAREFOOT and Mary SLEEK were as follows:
13 i. Rebecca4 BAREFOOT, born 3 March 1811 in St. Clairsville,
Bedford County, Pennsylvania; married John W. MOORE.
14 ii. Elizabeth BAREFOOT, born 18
February 1813 in St. Clairsville, Bedford County, Pennsylvania;
married Solomon Nunemaker HAMMER.
15 iii. Sara Bertha BAREFOOT, born 10 October 1814 in Dunnings
Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania; married Frederick H. RININGER.
16 iv. William S. BAREFOOT, born 26 May 1817 in Dunnings
Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania; married Diana HECK.
17 v. Isabella BAREFOOT, born 18 May 1819 in Gordon's Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania;
married James TAYLOR.
18 vi. James BAREFOOT Jr., born 14 March 1821 in Gordon's Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania;
married Sarah Jane MICKEY.
19 vii. Mary Jane BAREFOOT, born 14 February 1823 in Gordon's Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania;
married Alexander Vale STANTON.
20 viii. Margaret BAREFOOT, born 10 March 1825 in Gordon's Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania;
married John Paul BOWERS.
21 ix. Samuel BAREFOOT, born 8 June 1827 in Gordon's Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania;
married Anna Marie HORNE.
22 x. Job BAREFOOT, born 9 June 1829 in Gordon's Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania;
married Elizabeth YINGLING.
23 xi. Charlotte
BAREFOOT was born 16 March 1831 in Gordon's Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania. She died 28 February 1903 in Weyant, Bedford County at age 71, and was buried in Pleasantville Cemetery,
Bedford County. Charlotte never married.
24 xii. George W. BAREFOOT, born 17 April 1834 in Gordon's Creek, Bedford County, Pennsylvania;
married Jane HOOVER.
William3 BAREFOOT (Benjamin2, Samuel1) was born 10 December 1791 in Lancaster
County, Pennsylvania and was
baptized 2 July 1797 in St. Gabriel's Church, Amity
Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
The St. Gabriel register entry has a notation "at St.
Thomas Church, Morgantown." William died 11 March 1849 in Armagh Township, Mifflin County,
Pennsylvania at age 57, and was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in that county. His estate was probated 21 March 1849 in Mifflin County. Within the will were mentioned
wife Mary, sons Peter, James, John, Job, Levi and William and daughters
Rebecca, Susannah, Jemima, Mary and Margaret.
Andrew McFarlane was listed as the guardian of Susannah and Jemima and
Dr. Samuel McLay was listed as the guardian of Mary,
Margaret and William. The executors of the estate were sons Peter, James and
William served in
the War of 1812 in Capt. John Robinson's Company, 5th Battalion, 1st Brigade,
Pennsylvania Militia, under the command of Maj. McFarland, from 5 September
1814 to 5 December 1814. He was head of household
in Leacock Township,
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
in the 1820 and 1830 censuses, but in 1840 resided in Henderson
Township, Huntington County, Pennsylvania.
According to the Biographical
Encyclopedia Vol. 1, pg. 668, William moved to Mifflin
County and settled on a farm in Big Valley, Union Township. A short time later he moved to a farm near
the Back Mountains
Township. It is supposed that he died on this farm
Mary SHEAFFER about 1818 in Lancaster
In a statement made 24 November 1855, for the purpose of securing bounty land
to which she may have been entitled as a widow of a soldier in the War of 1812,
Mary declared that "no public or private accord of [her] marriage could be
procured." Mary was born 3 March
1800 in Pennsylvania, the daughter of Peter Sheaffer of Earl Township, Lancaster
County, and was baptized
6 September 1828 in St. James Episcopal Church, Lancaster. She died 2 February
1860 in Armagh
County at age 59 and was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in that county.
Known children of
William3 BAREFOOT and
Mary SHEAFFER were as follows:
25 i. Rebecca4 BAREFOOT was born 24 October 1818 in Leacock
Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
and baptized 6 September 1828 in St. James Episcopal Church, Lancaster, in that
county. She died 12 April 1873 in Mifflin County, Pennsylvania
at age 54, and was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Mifflin
County. Rebecca, who never married, appeared on the
censuses of 1850 and 1860 in Armagh
Township, Mifflin County.
She was listed as a master milliner in the 1860 census, and appeared on the
census of 1870 in Lewistown, Mifflin
26 ii. Peter BAREFOOT was born 10 June 1820 in Leacock Township,
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and was baptized 6 September
1828 in St. James Episcopal Church, Lancaster, in that county. He was a veteran
of the Civil War, but his regiment and company are not known. Peter died 10
January 1896 in Mifflin
County at age 75. He was buried in Woodlawn
Cemetery, Mifflin County.
Peter’s will, written 10 June 1886 and probated 16 January 1896, listed his
wife Elizabeth; Isaac G. Hoover, his wife’s brother; Lidia Weidman, and Rachel Rutter, his wife’s sister. The executor of his estate was
Robert J. McNitt, the father of Peter’s brother
Levi’s wife Mary. Peter married Elizabeth HOOVER circa July 1850 in Mifflin County, Pennsylvania.
Elizabeth, the daughter of Benjamin Hoover, was born 18 August 1822 in Pennsylvania, and died 2 January 1908 in Mifflin County at age 85. She was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery. It appears the only child born to Peter and Elizabeth was an infant
son who died 18 April 1852, aged 1 year and 11 days. He was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.
27 iii. James BAREFOOT was born 31 January 1822 in Leacock Township,
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and baptized 6 September 1828
in St. James Episcopal Church, Lancaster, in that county.
28 iv. John BAREFOOT, born 29 December 1823 in Leacock Township,
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; married Nancy J. COOPER; married Martha A.
29 v. Job BAREFOOT, born 24 August 1825 in Leacock
Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
married Lucinda TROUT.
30 vi. Levi BAREFOOT, born 5 October 1827 in Leacock Township, Lancaster
County, Pennsylvania; married Mary Ann MCNITT married Martha J. BROWN.
31 vii. Susanna BAREFOOT was born in 1830 in Leacock Township,
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and died 18 August 1875 at age 45 in Albany, Albany County, New York.
She married Erastus Homer ALEXANDER 15 October 1850 in Mifflin County,
Pennsylvania. Erastus, who was also called Homer, was born 21 May 1828
in Pennsylvania, the son of Thomas and Nancy Alexander who resided in
Armagh Township, Mifflin County in the 1850 federal census. A farmer,
merchant and insurance agent, he died after 1910 in Albany. Susanna and
Erastus were enumerated in Winchester, Adams County, Ohio in the 1860
federal census, and it was here their children, Thomas Clark, Elva
Genette and Addie B., were born. Son Thomas was born 26 April 1853 and
died after 1930 in Rennselaer County, New York. Circa 1878 he
married Elizabeth M. [--?--] who was born in July 1853 in New
York. The couple had a daughter Leona T., born in July 1889. Thomas was
an insurance agent. Susanna's and Erastus' daughter Elva was born
11 February 1857 and their daughter Addie B. in 1859.
Susanna and Erastus may also have had a daughter Ella Geno born 3
January 1855 and died 30 July 1856. It is known for a fact that they
did have an infant daughter aged 3 months and 3 days who was buried in
Woodlawn Cemetery in Mifflin County, no name or dates given.
32 viii. Jemima BAREFOOT was born circa 1834 in Pennsylvania. She lived
with her sister Rebecca in the 1860 and 1870 censuses.
33 ix. William BAREFOOT, born 12 May 1838 in Huntington
married Margaret Alice TOOHEY; married Louisa Scott TAYLOR; married Annie F.
34 x. Mary BAREFOOT was born circa 1837 in Pennsylvania. She may
have gone to Montgomery County,
Illinois to stay with her brother
William and there married John Watson, Jr., 10 October 1865.
35 xi. Margaret BAREFOOT was born circa 1847 in Pennsylvania.
Isabella3 BAREFOOT (Benjamin2, Samuel1) was born 11 November 1795 in Lancaster
or Berks County, Pennsylvania
and was baptized 2 July 1797 in St. Gabriel's Church, Amity
Township, Berks County. Her name was written as Ezibella
in her father’s hand in the Rebecca Ross bible, but subsequent appearances show
the spelling as either Isabella or Isabelle. Isabella married Daniel RUTTER 24
June 1819 in Lancaster, Lancaster County.
Notice of the marriage of Isabella Barefoot and Daniel Rutter
(both of Lancaster ) was carried in the Intelligencer & Weekly Advertizer of Lancaster
on Saturday 26 June 1819. She died 4
April 1873 in Delaware Township, Hancock County,
Ohio at age 77, and was buried in Burson (Castor) Cemetery, Hancock County.
Burson Cemetery is located in Jackson
Township, one-half mile west of Mt. Blanchard,
over the Blanchard
born in 1798 in Pennsylvania,
the son of Joseph and Margaret (Besore/Besohr) Rutter. Some time between 1827 and 1830 Daniel and family
moved to Fairfield County, Ohio
where he appeared as head of household in Hocking Township
in the 1830 census. In the census of 1840 the family resided in Bloom Township,
but by 1850 they lived in Madison
County, Ohio. In 1860 Daniel and
Isabella were in Delaware Township, Hancock
County, Ohio. It is
here that Daniel died about 1864. His son George was appointed administrator of
his estate 8 February 1864. It is thought that Daniel was buried in the plot
next to Isabella’s at Burson Cemetery.
The headstone is broken off and no records have been discovered to confirm or
refute this assumption.
Known children of
Isabella3 BAREFOOT and
Daniel RUTTER were as follows:
36 i. Rebecca Ann4 RUTTER, born 24 April 1820 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
married Jacob B. KISTLER.
37 ii. Margaret Eveline RUTTER, born 12 May
1823 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; married William W. CAMERON.
38 iii. Mary RUTTER was born circa 1824 in Pennsylvania.
39 iv. George Hiram RUTTER, born 13 September 1826 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
married Mariah MACKLIN.
40 v. Nathaniel RUTTER was born circa 1828 in Pennsylvania and married Christena
MURPHY 14 August 1860 in Hancock
Nathaniel was obviously still living at the time of his father's death circa
1864 as there was referenced in administrative papers a debt owed by Nathaniel
to Daniel. In the 1860 census there was but one Nathaniel Rutter
living in Hancock County, Ohio,
in Marion Township
in the home of Daniel and Sarah J., last name illegible, but his age was given
as 24 and place of birth as Ohio.
Possibly the enumerator or the person giving the information made an error. Christena Murphy was also in Marion Township in 1860 as Cristine Murphy, age 18, born in Ohio, with sisters Lovina, age 20, and Eliza Ann, age 16, and their mother
Loretta Murphy, age 47, born in New York. Neither Nathaniel nor Christena can be found in the 1870 census or beyond.
41 vi. Catharine E. RUTTER, born May 1835 in Fairfield County, Ohio;
married Franklin L. BURSON.
42 vii. Isabella RUTTER was born circa 1838 in Fairfield County, Ohio.
She supposedly married John Allen and had a son Whiting. There is no evidence
of this fact; the Whiting Allen in the census cannot be her son. Then she supposedly married William Tuft/s. Again,
there is no evidence to connect her to this name.
Job Palmer3 BAREFOOT (Benjamin2, Samuel1) was born 29 May 1798 in Pennsylvania
and baptized 12 July 1826 in Leacock Presbyterian Church, Leacock
Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He married Agness
MCCASKEY circa 1825 in Lancaster
County. Job died 17 November 1868 in Chester County, Pennsylvania
at age 70, and was buried in Leacock Presbyterian Church Cemetery. The graves
of Job P., Agness, Samuel and Philip T. Barefoot are
located in Plot 4, Row 28 in the cemetery located nine miles east of Reading, Pennsylvania and
three miles north of Paradise on the Old
Philadelphia Pike, Route 23.
Job was a drover
as a young man, and then became a farmer.
He appeared on the censuses of 1830 and 1840 in Leacock
Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
In the census of 1850 for Salisbury Township, Lancaster
County he was enumerated
as a farmer with real estate valued at $3500.
Job and Agness were involved in a land
transaction on 20 November 1854 in Salisbury
Township in which they
sold property to John and Mary McCaskey for $600. John McCaskey was Agness'
brother. By 1860 Job and Agness resided in Londonderry
Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania.
nickname was Nancy, was born 17 January
1807 in Leacock Township, Lancaster County and baptized 23 September 1837 in
Leacock Presbyterian Church. She was one
of 10 children of John and Margaret (Gorman) McCaskey who came to the United States around 1800 from Castle Blaney, County
The name McCaskey originated in the region of Caskieben,
in the County of Inverness,
bordering on Moray Firth, Scotland. McCaskey’s emigrated from
Scotland to Ireland
in the mid-17th century. Agness died 14
March 1873 in Chester County,
Pennsylvania at age 66, and was
buried in Leacock Presbyterian Church Cemetery.
Known children of
Job Palmer3 BAREFOOT and Agness MCCASKEY were as follows:
43 i. Margaret Jane4 BAREFOOT, born May 1826 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
married Solomon POWERS.
44 ii. John McCaskey BAREFOOT was born 23 August
1828 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
and died before 1903 in Chester County,
Pennsylvania. He appeared on the
census of 1850 in Dennison Township, Luzerne
45 iii. Samuel Ross BAREFOOT, born 3 March 1830 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
married Barbara ARMSTRONG.
46 iv. Isabella BAREFOOT, born 23 June 1832 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
married Dr. Joseph Willis HOUSTON.
47 v. Rebecca BAREFOOT, born 30 October 1834 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
married Edward Pearce MCCLELLAN.
48 vi. Job Palmer BAREFOOT, Jr., born 6 March 1839 in Chester County, Pennsylvania;
married Katherine E. BAIR.
49 vii. William McCaskey BAREFOOT, born 26 November 1841 in Bethania, Salisbury Township, Lancaster County,
Pennsylvania; married Martha L. ARMSTRONG.
50 viii. Philip T. BAREFOOT was born 9 May 1845 in Salisbury Township,
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He died 7 March 1847 in Lancaster
County, Pennsylvania, and was
buried in Leacock Presbyterian Church
Township, Lancaster County.
51 ix. Clara J. BAREFOOT was born in April 1853 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
and died before 1930 in Pennsylvania.
She never married. Clara appeared on the 1900 and 1910 censuses in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1920 she was enumerated as housekeeper in
the household of Florence H. Peck, widow, and her daughter Marion in Lansdowne, Delaware
One, Two and Three